How to Write in Literary Analysis
Why do students need literary education? Most students believe that literature is a very boring subject, and they try to avoid studying it by any means. The aim of literature is to familiarize students with the best examples of both native and world literature, the formation of aesthetic, spiritual culture, the development of creative abilities. A moral worldview is formed.
Literary analysis is a common academic task that study parts and elements of work, relations between them. The literary analysis makes it possible to perceive literature by means of the art of the word. Thanks to reading the spiritual satisfaction can be achieved, and the analysis allows gaining an intuitive insight into the artistic interpretation of the author’s idea.
The literary analysis does not imply a statement of personal opinion since this is not a review of the book. Suppose you need to do a literary analysis of “Macbeth”, this does not mean describing actions of tragedy. It’s a kind of distinction between an artwork and the result of a person’s activity, irrespective of the type of art the creation belongs to. The end result of such an analysis is certain conclusions about the content, form of the work, its features, and the author’s position.
What Are Key Objectives of the Literary Analysis?
The analysis is the most important method of scientific comprehension of a literary work. The main purpose is to consider an artistic text likewise work of art that is of cultural significance, capable of performing an aesthetic function.
Many students are limited to retelling content, they list heroes of work, which does not disclose the aim of the literary analysis. This is just part of what needs to be done. Literary analysis usually includes:
· study of the context;
· definition of the genre;
· structure, plot, composition study;
· definition of conflict;
· definition of subjects, problems;
· analysis of the name of composition;
· the author’s image, the definition of his role;
· images of the main characters;
· artistic details, techniques;
· definition of the main idea.
This provides prospect to understand what the author wanted to reflect in his book.
Methods of Analysis
Getting to analysis it is vital to relate the whole to private, that is, how overall scheme of the work, its theme, structure, the genre is realized through the plot, composition, language, style, characters’ images. For many, this is a difficult, tedious task, let’s look at some simple approaches to solving this problem.
The first method: make a composition plan (you can do it mentally).
After reading the text, start to retell it, you begin to identify the supporting semantic points, identify their subordination. It will be useful to retell text in your own language, which is one of the criteria for understanding text. It’s effective! This helps to see, correct actual and logical errors, contradictions, unsubstantiated judgments, etc.
The next method is anticipation.
When a person reads a text, subsequent actions begin to form in his head, an anticipation of the writer’s thoughts. When the actions of the characters are viewed without difficulty, then interest in reading disappears; when it is not possible to trace the connection, predict the further development of the plot, this is not entirely good composition. The anticipation process is violated when the logic of the presentation is violated.
3 Statement of Preliminary Questions
What happened to Macduff and why did Witches do this; what is behind the insidious phrase of the Lady Macbeth?
It is necessary that the reader can find answers to questions in the text – all the plot lines should be completed, mutually linked, logically cut off.
It is curious that the reader and author are moving in opposite directions. The author goes from design to structure, the reader, on the contrary, evaluates the structure, must get to the point. This makes it difficult to do it. A successful composition implies equal efforts of the author and the reader, they meet halfway.
In the analysis, you can face such problems as:
· the reader did not understand the writer’s intention
· the reader has invested his personal intention, instead of the writer’s intention.
Thanks to preliminary questions such problems can be avoided!
What Should Be in the Analysis
As we mentioned earlier, the literary analysis does not imply an arbitrary presentation of thoughts about the work. Your work should be clearly structured to get a high mark for it. The literary masterpiece can be regarded like a systemic formation, regardless of whether there is a system or not.
In assessing you need to capture specific nature of the structure of a particular book, show where the solution of images, which situations correspond to the concept, creative manner of the writer, general structure of the work. Now we will consider: what is necessary for qualitative literary analysis?
· Formulate a specific topic in accordance with the main idea, which you consider the main one.
· Formulate your thesis, the reader should cognize what will be discussed in your paper. This proposal should be a reflection of the main meaning of your essay, each subsequent sentence should follow basic idea clearly.
· As for the structure, there is used a traditional one that includes introduction, body, conclusion.
· The only difference from the essay is that there is no need to limit yourself to 5 paragraphs; feel free to make more paragraphs to describe the essence of how this is possible.
What to Write in the Introduction
Start it by explaining which aspect, the idea of the work you will be analyzing, whether it will be an idea, a symbol or a fragment of a plot. You can include reference information! It will contain: how it relates to the author or the genre.
For example: “The introduction into the tragedy of a supernatural element in the form of Three Witches and their leader Hecate was starting moment for an outbreak of internal conflict (Macbeth’s, his wife’s desire to power at any cost.) This became the explanation of reasons for the sudden change in personality of the faithful commander borrowed by Shakespeare from oral traditions, demonological tracts, popular in England at the turn of XVI-XVII centuries.”
What to Write in the Conclusion?
Mind that the conclusion should be convincing, it must make the analysis complete. You should not talk about the things that were not mentioned in the main part, don’t touch upon ideas that are not related to the main idea. You can demonstrate your thesis in other formulations. Or show how your arguments confirm the main idea.
“In Macbeth, Shakespeare reflected not only ebullient passions, violent political upheavals of time in which heroism went hand in hand with crime, revaluation of all values, the crisis of moral consciousness characteristic of Renaissance Machiavellianism. This feeling is conveyed in the exclamation of Three Witches of the initial scene of the tragedy, which serves as a prelude, creating a gloomy mood of the whole play.”
Many find it complicated to cognize the meaning of the book they are reading. Proceeding from this, many students do not like to carry out such a task. With the help of this task, the entire meaning of the author’s idea is revealed, which can be not conceived in one blow during reading. Use our advice, and you will facilitate the process of writing your academic assignment.